Leaves and flowers of Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley,Torilis japonica…#7

Check out these scabies images:

Leaves and flowers of Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley,Torilis japonica…#7
scabies

Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Taken in Hewitt, Waco, Texas ( Around 4 :00 pm in May 3, 2012 ) . This plant was also found in Sa-pa, Northern Viet Nam.

Cây cũng đã được tìm thấy ở Sa Pa, miền Bắc Viet Nam ( anh Hai Le ), theo thông tin của tổ chức Pfaf thì lá có thể ăn được bằng cách nấu, rể thì gọt vỏ bỏ đi và phần thịt bên trong có thể ăn tươi. Chưa có thông tin nào về hạt có thể ăn được nhưng nó có rất nhiều chất béo và protein ( 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat ) . Và hạt của cây Torilis japonica đã được dùng ở Korea để trị các chứng bệnh : Chứng quên ( amnesia ) , dị ứng gây ngứa ( pruritus ), acidosis ( chứng thừa hay thiếu acid ? ) và bệnh ghẻ (scabies ). Nước ép của rể được dùng để trị chứng khó tiêu ( indigestion ) — tạm dịch theo thông tin của Pfaf .

Vietnamese named : Tô – Li, Thiết Y
Common names : Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley.
Scientist name : Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Synonyms :
Family : Apiaceae
KingdomPlantae – Plants
SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
SubclassRosidae
OrderApiales
FamilyApiaceae – Carrot family
GenusTorilis Adans. – hedgeparsley
SpeciesTorilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. – erect hedgeparsley

**** plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=toja

**** ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=126

**** www.missouriplants.com/Whitealt/Torilis_japonica_page.html

**** www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Torilis+japonica

Torilis japonica is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires dry or moist soil.

Habitats
Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root.

Leaves – cooked[105, 177]. Root – peeled and eaten raw[105, 177]. Although we have no record of the seed being edible, there is a report that it contains 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat[218].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Expectorant; Tonic.

The seed is anthelmintic, antifungal, antiviral, expectorant and tonic[218, 279]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of amnesia, pruritis, acidosis and scabies[279]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion[272].

Links / References
[17]Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles.
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
[105]Tanaka. T. Tanaka’s Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World.
The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I’ve come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[272]Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
[279] Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.

**** www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19533579

Planta Med. 2009 Nov;75(14):1505-8. Epub 2009 Jun 16.
Torilin from Torilis japonica inhibits melanin production in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone-activated B16 melanoma cells.
Yun CY, Kim D, Lee WH, Park YM, Lee SH, Na M, Jahng Y, Hwang BY, Lee MK, Han SB, Kim Y.
Source
College of Pharmacy & Research Center for Bioresource and Health, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
Abstract
Epidermal melanocytes synthesize melanin pigments and transfer them to keratinocytes, which is responsible for skin pigmentation. However, abnormal accumulation of melanin pigments causes hyperpigmentation disorders, which are substantially improved with treatment of tyrosinase inhibitor. In our ongoing study, Torilis japonica DC. (Umbelliferae) was found to inhibit melanin production. A goal of this study is to elucidate the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica. A sesquiterpene structure of torilin was isolated from the plant extracts via bioassay-guided phytochemical analysis. Torilin dose-dependently inhibited melanin production, with an IC(50) value of 25 microM, in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)-activated B16 melanoma cells. Arbutin, a positive control of skin whitener, also inhibited alpha-MSH-induced melanin production with an IC(50) value of 170 microM. As to the mode of action, torilin downregulated alpha-MSH-induced protein levels of tyrosinase without directly inhibiting catalytic activity of the enzyme. Taken together, this study shows that torilin contributes to the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica, and suggests its pharmacological potential in melanin-associated hyperpigmentation disorders.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.
PMID: 19533579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

**** www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=2…
Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
小窃衣
Description from Flora of China
Caucalis japonica Houttuyn, Nat. Hist. 2(8): 42. 1777; Anthriscus vulgaris Bernhardi; C. anthriscus (Linnaeus) Hudson; C. coniifolia Wallich ex de Candolle; C. elata D. Don; C. praetermissa (Hance) Franchet; Tordylium anthriscus Linnaeus; Torilis anthriscus (Linnaeus) C. C. Gmelin (1805), not (Linnaeus) Gaertner (1788); T. anthriscus var. japonica (Houttuyn) H. de Boissieu; T. praetermissa Hance.
Chaerophyllum scabrum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 289. 1784; Anthriscus scabra (Thunberg) Koso-Poljansky; Caucalis scabra (Thunberg) Makino; Torilis henryi C. Norman.
Herbs 20–120 cm tall. Basal and lower cauline leaves petiolate; petiole 2–7 cm; blade triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, up to 20 × 17 cm; pinnae ovate-lanceolate, 2–6 × 1–2.5 cm. Peduncles 3–25 cm, retrorse hispid; bracts few, linear; rays 4–12, 1–3 cm spreading, bristly; bracteoles 5–8, linear or subulate, 1.5–7 × 0.5–1.5 mm; umbellules 4–12-flowered. Pedicels 1–4 mm, shorter than bracteoles. Calyx teeth small, deltoid-lanceolate. Fruit often blackish purple when mature, globose-ovoid, 1.5–5 × 1–2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.
The roots and fruits are used medicinally in some provinces.
Mixed forests in valleys, grassy places, especially in disturbed areas; 100–3800 m. Throughout China, except Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, and Xinjiang [widespread as a ruderal in Asia and Europe].

Flowers of Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley,Torilis japonica…#10
scabies

Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Taken in Hewitt, Waco, Texas ( Around 4 :00 pm in May 3, 2012 ) . This plant was also found in Sa-pa, Northern Viet Nam.

Cây cũng đã được tìm thấy ở Sa Pa, miền Bắc Viet Nam ( anh Hai Le ), theo thông tin của tổ chức Pfaf thì lá có thể ăn được bằng cách nấu, rể thì gọt vỏ bỏ đi và phần thịt bên trong có thể ăn tươi. Chưa có thông tin nào về hạt có thể ăn được nhưng nó có rất nhiều chất béo và protein ( 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat ) . Và hạt của cây Torilis japonica đã được dùng ở Korea để trị các chứng bệnh : Chứng quên ( amnesia ) , dị ứng gây ngứa ( pruritus ), acidosis ( chứng thừa hay thiếu acid ? ) và bệnh ghẻ (scabies ). Nước ép của rể được dùng để trị chứng khó tiêu ( indigestion ) — tạm dịch theo thông tin của Pfaf .

Vietnamese named : Tô – Li, Thiết Y
Common names : Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley.
Scientist name : Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Synonyms :
Family : Apiaceae
KingdomPlantae – Plants
SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
SubclassRosidae
OrderApiales
FamilyApiaceae – Carrot family
GenusTorilis Adans. – hedgeparsley
SpeciesTorilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. – erect hedgeparsley

**** plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=toja

**** ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=126

**** www.missouriplants.com/Whitealt/Torilis_japonica_page.html

**** www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Torilis+japonica

Torilis japonica is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires dry or moist soil.

Habitats
Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root.

Leaves – cooked[105, 177]. Root – peeled and eaten raw[105, 177]. Although we have no record of the seed being edible, there is a report that it contains 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat[218].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Expectorant; Tonic.

The seed is anthelmintic, antifungal, antiviral, expectorant and tonic[218, 279]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of amnesia, pruritis, acidosis and scabies[279]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion[272].

Links / References
[17]Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles.
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
[105]Tanaka. T. Tanaka’s Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World.
The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I’ve come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[272]Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
[279] Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.

**** www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19533579

Planta Med. 2009 Nov;75(14):1505-8. Epub 2009 Jun 16.
Torilin from Torilis japonica inhibits melanin production in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone-activated B16 melanoma cells.
Yun CY, Kim D, Lee WH, Park YM, Lee SH, Na M, Jahng Y, Hwang BY, Lee MK, Han SB, Kim Y.
Source
College of Pharmacy & Research Center for Bioresource and Health, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
Abstract
Epidermal melanocytes synthesize melanin pigments and transfer them to keratinocytes, which is responsible for skin pigmentation. However, abnormal accumulation of melanin pigments causes hyperpigmentation disorders, which are substantially improved with treatment of tyrosinase inhibitor. In our ongoing study, Torilis japonica DC. (Umbelliferae) was found to inhibit melanin production. A goal of this study is to elucidate the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica. A sesquiterpene structure of torilin was isolated from the plant extracts via bioassay-guided phytochemical analysis. Torilin dose-dependently inhibited melanin production, with an IC(50) value of 25 microM, in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)-activated B16 melanoma cells. Arbutin, a positive control of skin whitener, also inhibited alpha-MSH-induced melanin production with an IC(50) value of 170 microM. As to the mode of action, torilin downregulated alpha-MSH-induced protein levels of tyrosinase without directly inhibiting catalytic activity of the enzyme. Taken together, this study shows that torilin contributes to the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica, and suggests its pharmacological potential in melanin-associated hyperpigmentation disorders.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.
PMID: 19533579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

**** www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=2…
Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
小窃衣
Description from Flora of China
Caucalis japonica Houttuyn, Nat. Hist. 2(8): 42. 1777; Anthriscus vulgaris Bernhardi; C. anthriscus (Linnaeus) Hudson; C. coniifolia Wallich ex de Candolle; C. elata D. Don; C. praetermissa (Hance) Franchet; Tordylium anthriscus Linnaeus; Torilis anthriscus (Linnaeus) C. C. Gmelin (1805), not (Linnaeus) Gaertner (1788); T. anthriscus var. japonica (Houttuyn) H. de Boissieu; T. praetermissa Hance.
Chaerophyllum scabrum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 289. 1784; Anthriscus scabra (Thunberg) Koso-Poljansky; Caucalis scabra (Thunberg) Makino; Torilis henryi C. Norman.
Herbs 20–120 cm tall. Basal and lower cauline leaves petiolate; petiole 2–7 cm; blade triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, up to 20 × 17 cm; pinnae ovate-lanceolate, 2–6 × 1–2.5 cm. Peduncles 3–25 cm, retrorse hispid; bracts few, linear; rays 4–12, 1–3 cm spreading, bristly; bracteoles 5–8, linear or subulate, 1.5–7 × 0.5–1.5 mm; umbellules 4–12-flowered. Pedicels 1–4 mm, shorter than bracteoles. Calyx teeth small, deltoid-lanceolate. Fruit often blackish purple when mature, globose-ovoid, 1.5–5 × 1–2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.
The roots and fruits are used medicinally in some provinces.
Mixed forests in valleys, grassy places, especially in disturbed areas; 100–3800 m. Throughout China, except Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, and Xinjiang [widespread as a ruderal in Asia and Europe].

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