On the twelfth day of Christmas AND another giveaway!

My doggie gave to me:

12 Yummers Yumming!

12-months-of-dog-biscuits

Eleven Crunchy Carrots

Ten Snorers Sleeping

Nine Surfin’ Santas

Eight Toes a-Twinklin’

Seven Noshes Nibbled

 Six things to lay on

Five faaaavorite things

Four doggie nerds

Three Irish Hounds

Two turtles, Dove

And a cat messing up my new tree!

Thank you to Annette at Biscuits By Lambchop for bringing up the end of this crazy train :) Treats for all tonight!

Speaking of that, for those of you who are still around, I do have another giveaway to bestow upon you:

For the Holiday Hound

I’m giving away two beautiful collars from 2 Hounds Design to keep your pooch stylin’ for the New Year. They are both size medium (13-18 inch) which is by the way the ONLY reason I am giving these away, because they are gorgeous. The blue one is a Martingale and the snowman is a standard collar.

To add to the fun I’m also sending two awesome toys, a Bottle Buddy for all your crinkly noise needs and a Tricky Treater puzzle ball because the dog needs something to do while you clean up all that wrapping paper, right? Approximate retail value of this set: $ 90.

IMG_6107 IMG_6106

You all the know the drill- enter below!

Congratulations to Leslie R., the winner!

Pawcurious: With Pet Lifestyle Expert and Veterinarian Dr. V.

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December Golden Poodle awards

A Golden Poodle award goes to Jefferson Cox who stopped to help a dog running along the road and to the remarkable dog who led him back to a garage where her elderly owner had fallen and lay helpless on the floor. A second Golden Poodle award goes to the medical staff at Duke University Medical Center and to J.J., a fluffy little dog who became an important part of their medical team by being…
The Poodle (and Dog) Blog

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Flea Control for Dogs | K9 Advantix II

Flea Control for Dogs | K9 Advantix II http://topholisticdogfood.com/2013/12/12/flea-control-dogs-k9-advantix-ii/ What is K9 Advantix II? K9 Advantix II is a…
Video Rating: 0 / 5

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Adoptable Dog of the Day: Mocha in Arkansas

Mocha is an adult female Yorkiepoo who is in the care of Helping Hands For Little Paws in Little Rock, AR. Mocha is a friendly, happy girl who loves everyone. And she gets along fine with everyone,…



[[ This is a summary only. Click the title for the full post, photos, videos, giveaways, and more! ]]


DogTipper

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The dogs of Chuck Norris

Commenting on our Christmas card post, Dennis the Visla suggested that the planes were not keeping Chuck Norris up, but “chuck norris is keeping them aloft by the sheer forse of his awesumness!!!” Most perceptive, Dennis.
The Poodle (and Dog) Blog

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Basketful Of Puppies

Husky puppies

basketful-of-puppies

We made dees together…. a basketful of widdle puppies :)

pimkie

The post Basketful Of Puppies appeared first on A Place to Love Dogs.

A Place to Love Dogs

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Developing fruits of Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley,Torilis japonica …..Trái của hoa Thiết Y, Tô-li ….#1

A few nice scabies images I found:

Developing fruits of Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley,Torilis japonica …..Trái của hoa Thiết Y, Tô-li ….#1
scabies

Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Taken in Hewitt, Waco, Texas ( Around 4 :00 pm in May 3, 2012 ) . This plant was also found in Sa-pa, Northern Viet Nam.

Cây cũng đã được tìm thấy ở Sa Pa, miền Bắc Viet Nam ( anh Hai Le ), theo thông tin của tổ chức Pfaf thì lá có thể ăn được bằng cách nấu, rể thì gọt vỏ bỏ đi và phần thịt bên trong có thể ăn tươi. Chưa có thông tin nào về hạt có thể ăn được nhưng nó có rất nhiều chất béo và protein ( 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat ) . Và hạt của cây Torilis japonica đã được dùng ở Korea để trị các chứng bệnh : Chứng quên ( amnesia ) , dị ứng gây ngứa ( pruritus ), acidosis ( chứng thừa hay thiếu acid ? ) và bệnh ghẻ (scabies ). Nước ép của rể được dùng để trị chứng khó tiêu ( indigestion ) — tạm dịch theo thông tin của Pfaf .

Vietnamese named : Tô – Li, Thiết Y
Common names : Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley.
Scientist name : Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Synonyms :
Family : Apiaceae
KingdomPlantae – Plants
SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
SubclassRosidae
OrderApiales
FamilyApiaceae – Carrot family
GenusTorilis Adans. – hedgeparsley
SpeciesTorilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. – erect hedgeparsley

**** plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=toja

**** ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=126

**** www.missouriplants.com/Whitealt/Torilis_japonica_page.html

**** www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Torilis+japonica

Torilis japonica is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires dry or moist soil.

Habitats
Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root.

Leaves – cooked[105, 177]. Root – peeled and eaten raw[105, 177]. Although we have no record of the seed being edible, there is a report that it contains 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat[218].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Expectorant; Tonic.

The seed is anthelmintic, antifungal, antiviral, expectorant and tonic[218, 279]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of amnesia, pruritis, acidosis and scabies[279]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion[272].

Links / References
[17]Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles.
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
[105]Tanaka. T. Tanaka’s Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World.
The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I’ve come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[272]Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
[279] Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.

**** www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19533579

Planta Med. 2009 Nov;75(14):1505-8. Epub 2009 Jun 16.
Torilin from Torilis japonica inhibits melanin production in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone-activated B16 melanoma cells.
Yun CY, Kim D, Lee WH, Park YM, Lee SH, Na M, Jahng Y, Hwang BY, Lee MK, Han SB, Kim Y.
Source
College of Pharmacy & Research Center for Bioresource and Health, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
Abstract
Epidermal melanocytes synthesize melanin pigments and transfer them to keratinocytes, which is responsible for skin pigmentation. However, abnormal accumulation of melanin pigments causes hyperpigmentation disorders, which are substantially improved with treatment of tyrosinase inhibitor. In our ongoing study, Torilis japonica DC. (Umbelliferae) was found to inhibit melanin production. A goal of this study is to elucidate the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica. A sesquiterpene structure of torilin was isolated from the plant extracts via bioassay-guided phytochemical analysis. Torilin dose-dependently inhibited melanin production, with an IC(50) value of 25 microM, in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)-activated B16 melanoma cells. Arbutin, a positive control of skin whitener, also inhibited alpha-MSH-induced melanin production with an IC(50) value of 170 microM. As to the mode of action, torilin downregulated alpha-MSH-induced protein levels of tyrosinase without directly inhibiting catalytic activity of the enzyme. Taken together, this study shows that torilin contributes to the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica, and suggests its pharmacological potential in melanin-associated hyperpigmentation disorders.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.
PMID: 19533579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

**** www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=2…
Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
小窃衣
Description from Flora of China
Caucalis japonica Houttuyn, Nat. Hist. 2(8): 42. 1777; Anthriscus vulgaris Bernhardi; C. anthriscus (Linnaeus) Hudson; C. coniifolia Wallich ex de Candolle; C. elata D. Don; C. praetermissa (Hance) Franchet; Tordylium anthriscus Linnaeus; Torilis anthriscus (Linnaeus) C. C. Gmelin (1805), not (Linnaeus) Gaertner (1788); T. anthriscus var. japonica (Houttuyn) H. de Boissieu; T. praetermissa Hance.
Chaerophyllum scabrum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 289. 1784; Anthriscus scabra (Thunberg) Koso-Poljansky; Caucalis scabra (Thunberg) Makino; Torilis henryi C. Norman.
Herbs 20–120 cm tall. Basal and lower cauline leaves petiolate; petiole 2–7 cm; blade triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, up to 20 × 17 cm; pinnae ovate-lanceolate, 2–6 × 1–2.5 cm. Peduncles 3–25 cm, retrorse hispid; bracts few, linear; rays 4–12, 1–3 cm spreading, bristly; bracteoles 5–8, linear or subulate, 1.5–7 × 0.5–1.5 mm; umbellules 4–12-flowered. Pedicels 1–4 mm, shorter than bracteoles. Calyx teeth small, deltoid-lanceolate. Fruit often blackish purple when mature, globose-ovoid, 1.5–5 × 1–2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.
The roots and fruits are used medicinally in some provinces.
Mixed forests in valleys, grassy places, especially in disturbed areas; 100–3800 m. Throughout China, except Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, and Xinjiang [widespread as a ruderal in Asia and Europe].

Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley,Torilis japonica ‘s flowers …#9
scabies

Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Taken in Hewitt, Waco, Texas ( Around 4 :00 pm in May 3, 2012 ) . This plant was also found in Sa-pa, Northern Viet Nam.

Cây cũng đã được tìm thấy ở Sa Pa, miền Bắc Viet Nam ( anh Hai Le ), theo thông tin của tổ chức Pfaf thì lá có thể ăn được bằng cách nấu, rể thì gọt vỏ bỏ đi và phần thịt bên trong có thể ăn tươi. Chưa có thông tin nào về hạt có thể ăn được nhưng nó có rất nhiều chất béo và protein ( 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat ) . Và hạt của cây Torilis japonica đã được dùng ở Korea để trị các chứng bệnh : Chứng quên ( amnesia ) , dị ứng gây ngứa ( pruritus ), acidosis ( chứng thừa hay thiếu acid ? ) và bệnh ghẻ (scabies ). Nước ép của rể được dùng để trị chứng khó tiêu ( indigestion ) — tạm dịch theo thông tin của Pfaf .

Vietnamese named : Tô – Li, Thiết Y
Common names : Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley.
Scientist name : Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Synonyms :
Family : Apiaceae
KingdomPlantae – Plants
SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
SubclassRosidae
OrderApiales
FamilyApiaceae – Carrot family
GenusTorilis Adans. – hedgeparsley
SpeciesTorilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. – erect hedgeparsley

**** plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=toja

**** ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=126

**** www.missouriplants.com/Whitealt/Torilis_japonica_page.html

**** www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Torilis+japonica

Torilis japonica is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires dry or moist soil.

Habitats
Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root.

Leaves – cooked[105, 177]. Root – peeled and eaten raw[105, 177]. Although we have no record of the seed being edible, there is a report that it contains 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat[218].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Expectorant; Tonic.

The seed is anthelmintic, antifungal, antiviral, expectorant and tonic[218, 279]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of amnesia, pruritis, acidosis and scabies[279]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion[272].

Links / References
[17]Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles.
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
[105]Tanaka. T. Tanaka’s Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World.
The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I’ve come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[272]Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
[279] Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.

**** www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19533579

Planta Med. 2009 Nov;75(14):1505-8. Epub 2009 Jun 16.
Torilin from Torilis japonica inhibits melanin production in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone-activated B16 melanoma cells.
Yun CY, Kim D, Lee WH, Park YM, Lee SH, Na M, Jahng Y, Hwang BY, Lee MK, Han SB, Kim Y.
Source
College of Pharmacy & Research Center for Bioresource and Health, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
Abstract
Epidermal melanocytes synthesize melanin pigments and transfer them to keratinocytes, which is responsible for skin pigmentation. However, abnormal accumulation of melanin pigments causes hyperpigmentation disorders, which are substantially improved with treatment of tyrosinase inhibitor. In our ongoing study, Torilis japonica DC. (Umbelliferae) was found to inhibit melanin production. A goal of this study is to elucidate the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica. A sesquiterpene structure of torilin was isolated from the plant extracts via bioassay-guided phytochemical analysis. Torilin dose-dependently inhibited melanin production, with an IC(50) value of 25 microM, in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)-activated B16 melanoma cells. Arbutin, a positive control of skin whitener, also inhibited alpha-MSH-induced melanin production with an IC(50) value of 170 microM. As to the mode of action, torilin downregulated alpha-MSH-induced protein levels of tyrosinase without directly inhibiting catalytic activity of the enzyme. Taken together, this study shows that torilin contributes to the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica, and suggests its pharmacological potential in melanin-associated hyperpigmentation disorders.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.
PMID: 19533579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

**** www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=2…
Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
小窃衣
Description from Flora of China
Caucalis japonica Houttuyn, Nat. Hist. 2(8): 42. 1777; Anthriscus vulgaris Bernhardi; C. anthriscus (Linnaeus) Hudson; C. coniifolia Wallich ex de Candolle; C. elata D. Don; C. praetermissa (Hance) Franchet; Tordylium anthriscus Linnaeus; Torilis anthriscus (Linnaeus) C. C. Gmelin (1805), not (Linnaeus) Gaertner (1788); T. anthriscus var. japonica (Houttuyn) H. de Boissieu; T. praetermissa Hance.
Chaerophyllum scabrum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 289. 1784; Anthriscus scabra (Thunberg) Koso-Poljansky; Caucalis scabra (Thunberg) Makino; Torilis henryi C. Norman.
Herbs 20–120 cm tall. Basal and lower cauline leaves petiolate; petiole 2–7 cm; blade triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, up to 20 × 17 cm; pinnae ovate-lanceolate, 2–6 × 1–2.5 cm. Peduncles 3–25 cm, retrorse hispid; bracts few, linear; rays 4–12, 1–3 cm spreading, bristly; bracteoles 5–8, linear or subulate, 1.5–7 × 0.5–1.5 mm; umbellules 4–12-flowered. Pedicels 1–4 mm, shorter than bracteoles. Calyx teeth small, deltoid-lanceolate. Fruit often blackish purple when mature, globose-ovoid, 1.5–5 × 1–2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.
The roots and fruits are used medicinally in some provinces.
Mixed forests in valleys, grassy places, especially in disturbed areas; 100–3800 m. Throughout China, except Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, and Xinjiang [widespread as a ruderal in Asia and Europe].

Flowers of Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley,Torilis japonica…#8
scabies

Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Taken in Hewitt, Waco, Texas ( Around 4 :00 pm in May 3, 2012 ) . This plant was also found in Sa-pa, Northern Viet Nam.

Cây cũng đã được tìm thấy ở Sa Pa, miền Bắc Viet Nam ( anh Hai Le ), theo thông tin của tổ chức Pfaf thì lá có thể ăn được bằng cách nấu, rể thì gọt vỏ bỏ đi và phần thịt bên trong có thể ăn tươi. Chưa có thông tin nào về hạt có thể ăn được nhưng nó có rất nhiều chất béo và protein ( 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat ) . Và hạt của cây Torilis japonica đã được dùng ở Korea để trị các chứng bệnh : Chứng quên ( amnesia ) , dị ứng gây ngứa ( pruritus ), acidosis ( chứng thừa hay thiếu acid ? ) và bệnh ghẻ (scabies ). Nước ép của rể được dùng để trị chứng khó tiêu ( indigestion ) — tạm dịch theo thông tin của Pfaf .

Vietnamese named : Tô – Li, Thiết Y
Common names : Erect Hedgeparsley, Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese Hedge Parsley.
Scientist name : Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Synonyms :
Family : Apiaceae
KingdomPlantae – Plants
SubkingdomTracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
DivisionMagnoliophyta – Flowering plants
ClassMagnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
SubclassRosidae
OrderApiales
FamilyApiaceae – Carrot family
GenusTorilis Adans. – hedgeparsley
SpeciesTorilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. – erect hedgeparsley

**** plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=toja

**** ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=126

**** www.missouriplants.com/Whitealt/Torilis_japonica_page.html

**** www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Torilis+japonica

Torilis japonica is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires dry or moist soil.

Habitats
Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves; Root.

Leaves – cooked[105, 177]. Root – peeled and eaten raw[105, 177]. Although we have no record of the seed being edible, there is a report that it contains 16 – 21% protein and 10 – 23% fat[218].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Expectorant; Tonic.

The seed is anthelmintic, antifungal, antiviral, expectorant and tonic[218, 279]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of amnesia, pruritis, acidosis and scabies[279]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion[272].

Links / References
[17]Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles.
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
[105]Tanaka. T. Tanaka’s Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World.
The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I’ve come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[272]Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
[279] Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.

**** www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19533579

Planta Med. 2009 Nov;75(14):1505-8. Epub 2009 Jun 16.
Torilin from Torilis japonica inhibits melanin production in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone-activated B16 melanoma cells.
Yun CY, Kim D, Lee WH, Park YM, Lee SH, Na M, Jahng Y, Hwang BY, Lee MK, Han SB, Kim Y.
Source
College of Pharmacy & Research Center for Bioresource and Health, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
Abstract
Epidermal melanocytes synthesize melanin pigments and transfer them to keratinocytes, which is responsible for skin pigmentation. However, abnormal accumulation of melanin pigments causes hyperpigmentation disorders, which are substantially improved with treatment of tyrosinase inhibitor. In our ongoing study, Torilis japonica DC. (Umbelliferae) was found to inhibit melanin production. A goal of this study is to elucidate the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica. A sesquiterpene structure of torilin was isolated from the plant extracts via bioassay-guided phytochemical analysis. Torilin dose-dependently inhibited melanin production, with an IC(50) value of 25 microM, in alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)-activated B16 melanoma cells. Arbutin, a positive control of skin whitener, also inhibited alpha-MSH-induced melanin production with an IC(50) value of 170 microM. As to the mode of action, torilin downregulated alpha-MSH-induced protein levels of tyrosinase without directly inhibiting catalytic activity of the enzyme. Taken together, this study shows that torilin contributes to the hypopigmenting principle of T. japonica, and suggests its pharmacological potential in melanin-associated hyperpigmentation disorders.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.
PMID: 19533579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

**** www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=2…
Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
小窃衣
Description from Flora of China
Caucalis japonica Houttuyn, Nat. Hist. 2(8): 42. 1777; Anthriscus vulgaris Bernhardi; C. anthriscus (Linnaeus) Hudson; C. coniifolia Wallich ex de Candolle; C. elata D. Don; C. praetermissa (Hance) Franchet; Tordylium anthriscus Linnaeus; Torilis anthriscus (Linnaeus) C. C. Gmelin (1805), not (Linnaeus) Gaertner (1788); T. anthriscus var. japonica (Houttuyn) H. de Boissieu; T. praetermissa Hance.
Chaerophyllum scabrum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 289. 1784; Anthriscus scabra (Thunberg) Koso-Poljansky; Caucalis scabra (Thunberg) Makino; Torilis henryi C. Norman.
Herbs 20–120 cm tall. Basal and lower cauline leaves petiolate; petiole 2–7 cm; blade triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, up to 20 × 17 cm; pinnae ovate-lanceolate, 2–6 × 1–2.5 cm. Peduncles 3–25 cm, retrorse hispid; bracts few, linear; rays 4–12, 1–3 cm spreading, bristly; bracteoles 5–8, linear or subulate, 1.5–7 × 0.5–1.5 mm; umbellules 4–12-flowered. Pedicels 1–4 mm, shorter than bracteoles. Calyx teeth small, deltoid-lanceolate. Fruit often blackish purple when mature, globose-ovoid, 1.5–5 × 1–2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.
The roots and fruits are used medicinally in some provinces.
Mixed forests in valleys, grassy places, especially in disturbed areas; 100–3800 m. Throughout China, except Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, and Xinjiang [widespread as a ruderal in Asia and Europe].

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Baby Is On the Way! (+ Big Holiday Giveaway Winner)

Baby is on the way!

Well, it’s official.  My pregnancy-induced high blood pressure (read more about that here) isn’t cooperating, and it looks like baby girl is going to make her official debut sometime tomorrow.  (What?  It’s really happening?  Is this real life?!)  I head to the hospital this evening to begin the induction process, which will kick into full gear tomorrow morning.  I am simultaneously bursting with fear and excitement, anxiety and pure joy.  She may be coming early, but it feels like I’ve been ready to meet her forever. 

I’m not sure exactly when I’ll be returning to the blog full time, but starting Monday, I’ll have some incredible guest posters filling in.  Please stop back by to show them some love.  If it weren’t for them, we’d be shutting Bubby and Bean down for at least a couple of weeks, so I really appreciate your support of them.  I’m so excited for you guys to see all the goodness they have to share.  And I will stop in with updates along the way (and baby photos!) as I am able, after we’re home and recovered.   I’ll also do my best to update when she is born on Instagram (@bubbyandbean) and Twitter (@motm_ecofashion).

And last but not least, the winner of the Big Holiday Giveaway as chosen via random.org is:

Congratulations Jess!  Please contact me at bubbyandbean (AT) gmail.com to discuss getting you your prizes.  (With the baby coming earlier than expected, please allow up to a week for me to get back to you.)

For those who celebrated, I hope you had a wonderful Christmas.  The next time you hear from me, I will be a mother!

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Maggie and Mia

We’ve met Maggie and Mia before.  Maggie, on the left, is a red and white Irish setter – she lives in Monaco.  Mia is one of my rescue dogs – she’s a Bassett Ariegois (a French hunting dog) and is the scared one, scared of people that is.  She loves other dogs and as you can see is checking out Maggie who is giving her a very strange look …
RIVIERA DOGS

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Counter-Conditioning and Desensitization for Dogs (Part 3)

Basic Graduation 2-14-12

Last week I described the counter-condition and desensitization process (CC&DS). When is it the right approach, as opposed to addressing a problem with reward-based training?

Deciding that an association is causing your dog to behave a certain way means making assumptions about what is going on "inside" the dog. These kinds of assumptions are not always right. As a matter of fact, these kinds of assumptions are what can lead to describing a dog as stubborn, dumb, or even the dreaded (and horribly misused) "dominant." Which is not a personality attribute dammit. But I digress…

With the understanding that we are making judgements based on our dog’s body language and behavior there is a general rule we can follow. We use CC&DS to change an undesirable response to a stimulus that seems to be driven by a negative reaction to the stimulus. Let’s consider three possible responses to a human stranger approaching a dog:

  1. The dog attempts to escape.
  2. The dog lunges, growls, barks, in what we would characterize as an aggressive manner.
  3. The dog attempts to jump up and greet the person.

In numbers one and two the dog’s reaction is negative. Both reactions are likely driven by fear. In number three his reaction is positive – he is happy to see the person and wants to greet them, albeit in an inappropriate manner.

We need to change the emotional response in scenarios one and two. A dog that is attempting to flee or attack cannot be taught to greet someone politely, and even if it were possible, he would probably still be distressed. We want to make him more comfortable. This is job for CC&DS.

In scenario three the dog is happy to see people! We certainly don’t want to change that. We have a training problem: we need to teach him how to greet people politely.

In situations where we need to make something "bad" become something "good" (or at least a lot less bad) we use CC&DS. In a situation where something is already good but the response is what is "bad" we use training.

That’s it for CC&DS in this series. Next week we move on to a new chapter in the ABC’s.

But before we move on, here’s a cute video illustrating how classical conditioning works. I wish I had found it when I started this series.

Counter-Conditioning and Desensitization for Dogs (Part 3) is a post written by . You can see the actual post at Dog Training in Bergen County New Jersey


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