Check out these skin allergies images:
Image by dog.happy.art
Well… I’m gassing the lawnmower on the driveway and 3 of my neighbor’s charming children walk up with this dog carried by the little girl. "Mz Mary, we found this dog and she almost got run over by a car. Would you take…" Holding up my hand I look at 3 flushed faces and the elderly spotted miniature Dachshund mix. Sighing, I unlock my van and we put her into the crate. They will go copy a phone # they saw on a dog sign and bring it to me. Of course, it wasn’t that dog. So now I temporarily have Mabel. Quite old, partially blind and deaf with skin allergies, serious lower spine and pelvic arthritis and overgrown toenails almost making a circle. Chopped off the nails and went to the vet’s to see if she had a microchip. No luck. Late late that night, I discovered she has been debarked and makes a weird moaning sound instead. My dogs are going nuts in the dark, convinced she is possessed and must die. I’ve contacted Dachschund Rescue and they will take her if I can’t find the owner in the next few days. She couldn’t have gone far from home in her condition and she is definately a house dog.
Chuck is really unhappy about this adventure. June 2013
Image by driki
So ipodmybaby was very responsive to handling this problem. It seems that it was a combination of how long we kept Ella in the tshirt (overnight for sleeping) plus the breathability of the garment. I was in contact with the owner of the company about this issue and as a result of our discussion ipodmybaby has updated their website and information that is sent with the onsie to include a statement saying that the garment is not intended for overnight sleeping. I still think the onsie is cute, but please, please follow the advice on their website and not put your child in the outfit for an extended time.
Thanks to everyone for their concern and suggestions on helping to track down this problem. Ella is doing much better and hopefully her skin will fully heal from the irritation.
Coleus aromaticus…..Rau Tần dầy lá, Húng chanh, Húng lông….#2
Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Chụp hình trong vườn nhà ngày 13-5-2011 , thành phố Hồ chí Minh, miền Nam Việt-Nam
Taken in my garden May, 13, 2011 , in Ho chi Minh city , Southern of Vietnam.
Vietnamese named : Húng chanh, Tần dày lá, Rau thơm lông, Rau thơm lùn, Dương tử tô
Common names : Zuo shou xiang (Chin.), Torongil de Limon (Span.) , French Thyme, Indian borage, Mexican thyme, Queen of herbs….
Scientist name : Coleus aromaticus Benth.
Synonyms : Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. , Coleus amboinicus Lour., Plectranthus aromaticus (Benth.) Roxb..
Family : Lamiaceae
**** www.uphcm.edu.vn/caythuoc/index.php?q=node/41 : nhấp vào đường link để đọc đầy đủ thông tin, rất cảm ơn
Phân bố, sinh học và sinh thái:
Trồng ở nhiều tỉnh và thành phố nước ta. Còn có ở Ấn Độ, Indonexia, Philippin.
Mùa hoa tháng 7-9, mùa quả tháng 10-12. Cây ưa sáng và ẩm.
Bộ phận dùng:
Lá (Folium Plectranthi amboinici) hoặc lá có lẫn nhánh non.
Thu hái và chế biến:
Thu hái quanh năm, lúc trời khô ráo hái những lá bánh tẻ, loại bỏ lá sâu và lá già, phơi âm can cho khô.
Thành phần hóa học:
Lá chứa tinh dầu, thành phần chính là carvacrol: 40-60%. Tuy nhiên cũng có tác giả cho rằng thành phần chính trong tinh dầu là thymol 41,30%. Lá Húng chanh mọc ở Hà Nội chứa 0,002-0,003% tinh dầu trong đó có carvacrol 39,5%, γ-terpinen 19%, α-terpinen 16,8%.
Tác dụng dược lý – Công dụng:
Tinh dầu có tác dụng ức chế mạnh các vi khuẩn. Cao nước có tác dụng ức chế sự phát triển của phế cầu khuẩn và tụ cầu vàng. Thường dùng trị cảm cúm, ho sốt do phong hàn, ho, hen, viêm họng, ho ra máu, nôn ra máu, chảy máu cam, ho gà, khản tiếng, côn trùng cắn. Ngày dùng 10-16 g, dạng thuốc sắc, thuốc xông, thường dùng lá tươi.
Tên khác: Dương tử tô, Rau thơm lông, Rau tần lá dày.
Tên khoa học: Coleus aromaticus Benth. (Tên đồng nghĩa: Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng), họ Bạc hà (Lamiaceae).
Mô tả: Cây thảo có thể sống nhiều năm, cao 20-50cm, phần thân sát gốc hoá gỗ. Lá mọc đối dày mọng nước, hình trái xoan rộng, dài 3-6cm, rộng, mọc thành bông ở ngọn thân và đầu cành, gồm những vòng hoa dày đặc, cách quãng nhau. Quả nhỏ, tròn, màu nâu, chứa 1 hạt. Toàn cây có lông rất nhỏ và có mùi thơm như mùi chanh. Mùa hoa quả tháng 4-5.
Bộ phận dùng: Lá tươi (Folium Colei) hoặc cất lấy tinh dầu.
Phân bố: Cây được trồng làm thuốc và làm rau ăn nhiều nơi ở Việt Nam.
Thu hái: Có thể thu hái lá quanh năm, thường dùng tươi, dùng đến đâu hái đến đó. Lúc trời khô ráo, hái lá bánh tẻ, loại bỏ các lá sâu hay lá già úa vàng, đem phơi nắng nhẹ hay sấy ở 40-45oC đến khô.
Thành phần hoá học: Lá chứa ít tinh dầu (0,05-0,12%), trong tinh dầu có đến 65,2% các hợp chất phenolic trong đó có carvacrol, thymol, eugenol, salicylat và chavicol. Đặc biệt, trong lá có chất màu đỏ là colein.
Công năng: Lợi phế, trừ đờm, giải cảm, làm ra mồ hôi, làm thông hơi, giải độc. Colein trong lá có tác dụng kháng sinh mạnh đối với một số vi trùng, nhất là ở vùng họng, mũi, miệng và cả ở đường ruột.
Công dụng: Chữa cảm cúm, chữa ho, thổ huyết, chảy máu cam. Dùng ngoài giã đắp lên những vết do rết và bọ cạp cắn.
Cách dùng, liều lượng: 10 – 16g lá tươi một ngày. Dạng thuốc sắc, xông, dầu xoa hoặc vắt lấy nước uống.
1. Chữa ho, viêm họng, khản tiếng: Lá Húng chanh non 5-10g giã nát vắt lấy nước cốt nóng. Hoặc đem giã nhỏ một nắm lá (15-20g), thêm nước, vắt lấy nước uống làm hai lần trong ngày. Đối với trẻ em, thêm ít đường, đem hấp cơm cho uống làm 2-3 lần.
2. Chữa đau bụng: Lá húng chanh non rửa sạch, 1-2 lá nhai với một ít muối, ngậm nuốt dần dần.
3. Chữa sốt cao, không ra mồ hôi: húng chanh 20g, lá tía tô 15g, gừng tươi 5g cắt lát mỏng, cam thảo đất 15g. Sắc uống nóng cho ra mồ hôi.
4. Chữa chảy máu cam: húng chanh 20g, lá trắc bá sao đen 15g, hoa hòe sao đen 10g, cam thảo đất 15g. Sắc uống ngày một thang. Lá húng chanh đem vò nát, nhét vào bên mũi chảy máu.
5. Chữa hôi miệng: Húng chanh khô một nắm đem sắc lấy nước, thường xuyên ngậm và súc miệng rồi nhổ ra. Cần làm 5-7 lần.
6. Chữa ong đốt sinh đau nhức: húng chanh 20g, muối ăn vài hạt, tất cả đem giã nhỏ hoặc nhai kỹ, nuốt nước, bã đắp vào chỗ ong đốt.
7. Chữa dị ứng nổi mề đay: lá húng chanh nhai nuốt nước, bã thì đắp hay xoa xát.
Plectranthus amboinicus is a tender fleshy perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae with an oregano-like flavor and odor, native to Southern and Eastern Africa, from South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) and Swaziland to Angola and Mozambique and north to Kenya and Tanzania. It is widely cultivated and naturalised elsewhere in the Old and New World Tropics.
Common names : click on link to read, please.
Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. The stem is fleshy, about 30–90 cm, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or tomentose (densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs, pubescent). Leaves are undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate) and very thick, they are pubescent (thickly studded with hairs), with the lower surface possessing the most numerous glandular hairs, giving a frosted appearance. The taste of this leaf is pleasantly aromatic with agreeable and refreshing odour. Flowers are on a short stem (shortly pedicelled), pale purplish in dense whorls at distant intervals in a long slender raceme.
The leaves are strongly flavoured and make an excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry. Finely chopped, they can also be used to flavour meat dishes, especially beef, lamb and game. Such use as a flavouring and its geographic spread is indicated by some of the common names, and documented for Cambodia and South Africa It is also used as a vegetable, for example in South East Asia. The herb is used as a substitute for oregano in the food trade and food labelled "oregano-flavoured" may well contain this herb.
The leaves have also had many traditional medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of coughs, sore throats and nasal congestion, but also for a range of other problems such as infections, rheumatism and flatulence. The plant is cultivated in home-gardens throughout India for use in traditional medicine, being used to treat malarial fever, hepatopathy, renal and vesical calculi, cough, chronic asthma, hiccough, bronchitis, helminthiasis, colic, convulsions, and epilepsy, Shenoy and others refer to further Indian traditional medicinal uses such as for skin ulcerations, scorpion bite, skin allergy, wounds, diarrhoea, with emphasis on the leaves being used as a hepatoprotective, to promote liver health. In Indonesia Plectranthus amboinicus is a traditional food used in soup to stimulate lactation for the month or so following childbirth. In Cambodia 2 uses are recorded: juice from the leaves is sweetened and then given to children as protection from colds; and leaves are applied to the lips. In Bahia, Brasil, people use the plant to treat skin lesions caused by Leishmania braziliensis. Just to the north, in Paraiba of the same country, the plant was extremely commonly known for use in home medication. As noted above, medicinal use also occurs in Southern India, it also documented in other parts of South East Asia and South Africa.
Other uses include as an ornamental, and for its essential oils
Indian Borage is very commonly grown as a potted plant. Indian Borage is a fast growing plant. Propagation is via stem cuttings. To encourage a bushy plant, cut the tip of the top, insert into the soil and instantly, you have another plant as the cutting will grow within days. Indian Borage ideally should be grown in a semi-shaded and moist location as the leaves will remain a beautiful jade-green colour. If it is getting too much sun, the leaves turn yellow, start curling and look unsightly; if not enough sun, the leaves turn a dark shade of green and space out.
The herb grows easily in a well-drained, semi-shaded position. It is frost tender (Hardiness USDA Zones 10-11)  and grows well in sub-tropical and tropical locations, but will do well in cooler climates if grown in a pot and brought indoors, or moved to a warm sheltered position in winter. Water only sparingly.
Coleus aromaticus Benth.
Zuo shou xiang
Suganda is an erect, spreading, branched, rather coarse, strongly aromatic, green herb, with fleshy stems. Leaves are fleshy, broadly ovate, 4 to 9 centimeters long, often heart-shaped, and somewhat hairy, with rounded toothed margins, with the tip and base decurrent. Flowers are small, and occur in distant whorls. Calyx is bell-shaped; the throat is smooth inside, with two lips, the upper lip being ovate and thin, the lower lip having four narrow teeth. Corolla is pale purplish and 5 times longer than the calyx, with a short tube, inflated throat, and short lips.
- Cultivated for its aromatic leaves.
- Certainly introduced.
- Also occurring in India to Malaya.
- Fresh leaves yield 0.055 volatile oil, largely carvacrol.
- Phytochemical screening yielded carbohydrates, proteins, phenols, tannins, flavanoids, saponins, glycosides.
- Aromatic, carminative, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, tonic, stimulant.
- In India, considered antilithiotic, chemopreventive, antiepileptic, antioxidant.
Edibility / Culinary
· As condiment, provides fragrance to salads and strong-smelling meat dishes.
· Sometimes, used as flavoring for drinks.
· In the Philippines, macerated fresh leaves applied externally to burns.
· Leaves are bruised and applied to centipede and scorpion bites. Also, applied to temples and forehead for headache, help in place by a bandage.
· Leaves in infusion or as syrup used as aromatic and carminative; used for dyspepsia and also as a cure for asthma.
· The Malays used the plant juice or decoction for pains around the areas of the heart or abdomen.
· Decoction of leaves given after childbirth.
· In Indo-China, given for asthma and bronchitis.
· The juice of the leaves for dyspepsia, asthma, chronic coughs, bronchitis, colic, flatulence, rheumatism. The dose is one tablespoonful of the fresh juice every hour for adults and one teaspoonful every two hours, four times daily, for children. As an infusion, 50 to 60 grams to a pint of boiling water, and drink the tea, 4 to 5 glasses a day. For children, 1/2 cup 4 times daily.
· For otalgia (ear aches), pour the fresh, pure juice into the ear for 10 minutes.
· For carbuncles, boils, sprains, felons, painful swellings: Apply the poultice of leaves to the affected area, four times daily.
· For sore throats, a decoction of two tablespoonfuls of dried leaves to a pint of boiling water, taken one hour before or after meals.
· In India, leaves are used traditionally for bronchitis, asthma, diarrhea, epilepsy, nephro-cystolithiasis, fever, indigestion and cough. Also used for malarial fever, hepatopathy, renal and vesicle calculi, hiccup, helminthiasis, colic, and convulsions.
· The Chinese used the juice of leaves with sugar, for cough in children, asthma and bronchitis, epilepsy and convulsive disorders.
· Leaves are applied to cracks at the corners of the mouth, for thrush, headaches; against fever as a massage or as a wash.
· Used for bladder and urinary afflictions, and vaginal discharges.
· Used as carminative, given to children for colic.
· In Bengal, used for coli and dyspepsia.
· Expressed juice applied around the orbit to relieve conjunctival pain.
· Fresh leaves rubbed on clothing or hair at the time of bathing for its scent.
Recent uses and preparations
Respiratory ailments like cough, asthma and bronchitis: Squeeze juice of the leaves. Take one teaspoon every hour for adults. For children above 2 years old, 3 to 4 teaspoons a day.
• Antioxidant / Anticlastogenic / Radioprotective: Antioxidant, anticlastogenic and radioprotective effect of Coleus aromaticus on Chinese hamster fibroblast cells (V79) exposed to gamma radiation: The hydroalcoholic extract of CA showed dose-dependent radical scavenging against free radicals, rendered radioprotection against radiation induced DNA damage. Study results established antioxidant, anticlastogenic and radioprotective activities and suggests a potential for chemoprevention.
• Antioxidant: Study of freeze-dried aqueous extract of Ca clearly established the antioxidant potency of freeze-dried extract of C aromaticus.
• Mast cell stabilization property: Study showed stabilization of mast cells in rat mesenteric tissue and suggests further studies into mast cells with its role in Type 1 hypersensitivity-mediated diseases like asthma and rhinitis.
• Antimicrobial: (1) Antimicrobial Activity Of Coleus aromaticus (Benth) Against Microbes Of Reproductive Tract Infections Among Women : Results suggests the herb could be an ideal choice for treating reproductive tract infections. (2) Study showed the antimicrobial effect of Coleus amboinicus, Lour folium infuum toward C albicans and Strep mutans.
• Anticlastogenicity: Study of ethanolic extract of C aromaticus showed a protective effect against cyclophophamide and mitomycin-C induced cytogenetic damage.
• Anti-Inflammatory: In a carrageenan-induced rat paw edema model, the aqueous extract of Coleus aromaticus exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity, attributed to the inhibition of mediators released from the 2nd phase of inflammation.
• Antibacterial: Study showed both ethanol and hot water leaf extracts of Coleus aromaticus to possess potent antibacterial activity, the ethanol extract showing greater activity. Results provide scientific support for the centuries-old use of the plant as a medicinal herb.
• Forskolin / Antioxidant / Anti-Asthma / Pulmo-protective: Study isolated forskolin, a diterpenoid, from a methanolic extract of C aromaticus. C aromaticus has been used to treat asthma. Forskolin has been thought to be responsible for its pharmaceutical activity through restoration of antioxidant enzyme activity with its ability to scavenge free radicals. The results validate the use of forskolin as an anti-asthmatic agent.
• Insecticidal / Anti-Termite: Study investigating the leaf essential oil of C. amboinicus yielded six components. The major component was thymol (94.3%), followed by carvacrol, 1,8-cineole, p-cymene, spathuylenol, terpinen-4-ol. The oil was insecticidal to white termites (Odontotermes obesus Rhamb). It was more active than synthetic insecticides, Thiodan and Primoban-20 against termites, although it was ineffective against Tribolium castaneum, a stored product pest.
• Galactagogue / Bangun-bangun Leaves: Participants in an Indonesian of study of Batakneese women were given bangun-bangun soup during their nursing period, most consuming a bowl of soup three times daily for 30-40 days. The study aimed to gather information about the women’s beliefs and experiences in the use of the herb. The participants felt their breasts become full with breast milk. Most felt consuming CA leaves helped control postpartum bleeding and help "uterine cleansing."
• Anthelmintic / Antimicrobial: A chloroform and methanol extract of leaf and leaf oil showed significant anthelmintic activity. The plant extracts also showed antibacterial activity against test organisms, with very poor antifungal activity.
Cultivated for condiment and culinary use.
Anc Sci Life. 2009 Jul-Sep; 29(1): 20–21.
Diuretic activity of the leaves of Coleus aromaticus Benth
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The aqueous and ethanolic extract of leaves of Coleus aromaticus was evaluated for diuretic activity. Both extracts were evaluated by determination of urine volume and electrolyte concentration in albino rats. Results revealed that both the aqueous and ethanolic extract at dose 500mgl kg showed significant diuretic activity by increasing the total volume of urine and concentration electrolyte. Furosamide (10 mg/kg) was used as reference drug while normal saline (0.9%) solution was used as control.